Blackheads and whiteheads form when dead skin cells, sebum oil, and dirt clog pores. They look dark because they oxidize when exposed to air.
The good news is there are plenty of effective ways to get rid of blackheads and whiteheads at home and in the salon. But before you start scrubbing, it’s important to understand what exactly causes them and when you should give up.
1. Exfoliate regularly
Exfoliating regularly helps get rid of the dead skin cells on your face and makes your skin brighter. In addition, it can also help fade dark spots and unclog pores. If you want to remove blackheads and white heads then you may use betnovate cream to remove it.
It’s important to exfoliate twice a week. This will remove dead skin from your face, which in turn prevents blackheads and whiteheads from forming.
The most common way to do this is to use a gentle scrub or chemical product. However, you should be careful not to over-exfoliate your skin as this can leave it irritated and dry. Ideally, it’s best to use alpha and beta hydroxy acids like glycolic acid or salicylic acid.
These types of exfoliators work by sloughing off the top layer of your skin. They can also be used to reduce the appearance of dark spots and age spots, according to Robyn Gmyrek, MD, a dermatologist at Union Derm in New York City.
2. Wash your face twice a day
Washing your face twice a day is important to remove dirt and grime that gets trapped in the pores of your skin. This helps in preventing the formation of skin problems like whiteheads and black heads.
Dermatologists suggest that you should always wash your face before and after exercise or any activity that causes excessive sweating.
This helps in removing excess oil and bacteria that accumulates on the skin during these activities, according to dermatologist Dr. Nussbaum.
Another important thing to remember is that you should always be gentle when you wash your face, especially if you have sensitive skin. This will not only help in avoiding the formation of skin problems but will also keep your skin moisturized and healthy.
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3. Take some steam thrice a week
A good face exfoliation can help you prevent blackheads and white heads. A homemade scrub with oatmeal and yoghurt is a good choice. Oatmeal helps remove excess oil and yoghurt keeps your skin moisturised. Both ingredients also have mildly acidic properties that assist in removing dead skin cells and clearing your pores of blackheads, Dr. Wong advises.
Mistaken for dirt, blackheads are actually oil that becomes oxidised when exposed to air. “Picking and squeezing them can push the inflammation deeper, causing spots and scarring,” warns Dr. Shetty.
4. Use charcoal or ubtan based face masks once or twice a week
Using charcoal- or ubtan-based face masks once or twice a week can help remove black heads and white heads from your skin. These masks detoxify your face, slough off dead skin cells, and brighten your complexion.
Activated charcoal, which is usually made from natural carbons like heated coal or coconut shells, has the ability to adsorb bacteria and toxins. It also sucks up dirt and oil from your pores, which helps keep them clear.
Charcoal masks can be used by people with all skin types and can even help prevent blackheads from forming. However, you should perform a patch test before using it all over your face to reduce the risk of developing an allergic reaction. Blackheads are caused by excess oil, dead skin cells, and dirt that build up in your pores. Excessive sweating can also cause them.
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5. Use light sunscreen before you go out in the sun
One of the most effective ways to keep black heads and white heads from forming on your face is by using light sunscreen before you go out in the sun. According to dermatologists, sunscreen not only protects your skin from skin cancer and premature aging, it also helps prevent breakouts.
The type of sunscreen you choose depends on your skin tone and needs. For instance, if you have sensitive skin or a history of acne, look for formulas that contain ingredients like retinoids.
Similarly, if you have dry or oily skin, search for products that are lightweight and absorb easily into your skin. Experts at GH Beauty Lab recommend choosing formulas that are water resistant and easy to apply.
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